[转载]C#实现窗口贴边自动隐藏、任务栏隐藏至托盘并添加双击和右键菜单 -Mikel

[转载]C#实现窗口贴边自动隐藏、任务栏隐藏至托盘并添加双击和右键菜单

2011年3月28日 分类: 开发笔记, C#

[转载]C#实现窗口贴边自动隐藏、任务栏隐藏至托盘并添加双击和右键菜单 – madebychina – 博客园.

开发环境:Windows7系统,Visual Studio 2010专业版,.Net Framework 2.0。

一、Winform窗体贴边自动隐藏

新建Windows窗体应用程序,向Form1窗体中添加一个Timer控件,设定其Interval属性值为50,并为其添加Tick事件。代码为:

private void timer1_Tick(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

if (this.Bounds.Contains(Cursor.Position))

{

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, 0);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point(0, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height);

break;

}

}

else

{

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, (this.Height - 4) * (-1));

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point((-1) * (this.Width - 4), this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - 4, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, (Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - 4));

break;

}

}

}

添加如下变量和函数:

internal AnchorStyles StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.None;

private void mStopAnhor()

{

if (this.Top <= 0 && this.Left <= 0)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.None;

}

else if (this.Top <= 0)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Top;

}

//else if (this.Left <= 0)             //{             //    StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Left;             //}             else if (this.Left >= Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Right;

}

else if (this.Top >= Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Bottom;

}

else

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.None;

}

}

为Form1窗体添加Load事件,代码为:

private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.TopMost = true;

this.timer1.Start();

}

为Form1窗体添加LocationChangeD事件,代码为:

private void Form1_LocationChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.mStopAnhor();

}

至此,WinForm窗体的自动贴边隐藏效果完成,该效果可以实现窗体上下右四个方位的贴边隐藏。

(如果想实现窗体上下左右四个方位的贴边隐藏,请将上面的

//else if (this.Left <= 0)

//{

// StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Left;

//}

注释去掉,但是这样做会影响之后的窗体还原效果)

二、托盘图标、自动隐藏任务栏图标、托盘图标双击事件、托盘图标右键菜单

继续向Form1窗体中添加一个NotifyIcon控件,并为其添加一个图标。

为NotifyIcon控件添加MouseDoubleClick事件,代码如下:

private void notifyIcon1_MouseDoubleClick(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)

{

this.Show();

this.WindowState = FormWindowState.Normal;

this.Activate();

}

(也可添加MouseClick事件,内部代码同上,但是会有我们不希望看到的效果,当你使用右键单击托盘图标想要弹出右键菜单时,也会触发该事件,C#好像并没有区分鼠标的左右键,不知道为什么)

再向Form1窗体添加一个ContentMenuStrip控件,并为其添加两个MenuItem子菜单项,Text分别为“还原”、“关闭”(可为每个子菜单项添加小图标,自便),为两个子菜单项添加Click事件,代码如下:

//还原

private void toolStripMenuItem1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.Show();

this.WindowState = FormWindowState.Normal;

this.Activate();

}

//关闭

private void toolStripMenuItem2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

timer1.Enabled = false;

this.notifyIcon1.Visible = false;

this.Close();

this.Dispose();

Application.Exit();

}

为Form1窗体添加SizeChanged事件,代码如下:

private void Form1_SizeChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

if (this.WindowState == FormWindowState.Minimized)

{

this.Hide();

}

}

最后向Form1的Load事件中添加如下代码:

this.notifyIcon1.Visible = true;

this.ShowInTaskbar = false;

this.notifyIcon1.ContextMenuStrip = contextMenuStrip1;

到此题目所列效果均已实现,但是当窗口处于贴边隐藏状态时,我们双击托盘图标,或者右键托盘菜单还原窗口时,窗口并没有从隐藏状态变为显示状态,与我们的使用习惯不太一致。这是我们可以在NotifyIcon的MouseDoubleClick事件和右键还原菜单项的Click事件中添加如下代码:

this.timer1.Interval = 2000;

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, 0);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point(0, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height);

break;

}

并且在Timer空间的Tick事件中添加下面一句代码:

this.timer1.Interval = 50;

此种方法定有不妥之处,但限于水平,只能委屈于此了。

现附Form1.cs的完整代码如下:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.ComponentModel;

using System.Data;

using System.Drawing;

using System.Text;

using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace WindowsFormsApplication2

{

public partial class Form1 : Form

{

public Form1()

{

InitializeComponent();

}

private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.TopMost = true;

this.timer1.Start();

this.notifyIcon1.Visible = true;

this.ShowInTaskbar = false;

this.notifyIcon1.ContextMenuStrip = contextMenuStrip1;

}

private void Form1_LocationChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.mStopAnhor();

}

private void timer1_Tick(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.timer1.Interval = 50;

if (this.Bounds.Contains(Cursor.Position))

{

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, 0);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point(0, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height);

break;

}

}

else

{

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, (this.Height - 4) * (-1));

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point((-1) * (this.Width - 4), this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - 4, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, (Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - 4));

break;

}

}

}

internal AnchorStyles StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.None;

private void mStopAnhor()

{

if (this.Top &lt;= 0 &amp;&amp; this.Left &lt;= 0)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.None;

}

else if (this.Top &lt;= 0)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Top;

}

//else if (this.Left &lt;= 0) //{ // StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Left; //} else if (this.Left &gt;= Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Right;

}

else if (this.Top &gt;= Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height)

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.Bottom;

}

else

{

StopAanhor = AnchorStyles.None;

}

}

private void notifyIcon1_MouseDoubleClick(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)

{

this.Show();

this.WindowState = FormWindowState.Normal;

this.Activate();

this.timer1.Interval = 2000;

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, 0);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point(0, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height);

break;

}

}

//还原-

private void toolStripMenuItem1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

this.Show();

this.WindowState = FormWindowState.Normal;

this.Activate();

this.timer1.Interval = 2000;

switch (this.StopAanhor)

{

case AnchorStyles.Top:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, 0);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Left:

this.Location = new Point(0, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Right:

this.Location = new Point(Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width - this.Width, this.Location.Y);

break;

case AnchorStyles.Bottom:

this.Location = new Point(this.Location.X, Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height - this.Height);

break;

}

}

//关闭

private void toolStripMenuItem2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

timer1.Enabled = false;

this.notifyIcon1.Visible = false;

this.Close();

this.Dispose();

Application.Exit();

}

private void Form1_SizeChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)

{

if (this.WindowState == FormWindowState.Minimized)

{

this.Hide();

}

}

}

}

另附Form1.Designer.cs代码供参考:

namespace WindowsFormsApplication2

{

partial class Form1

{

///

///必需的设计器变量。

///

private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

///

///清理所有正在使用的资源。

///

///
<span> </span>如果应释放托管资源,为 true;否则为 false。

protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)

{

if (disposing &amp;&amp; (components != null))

{

components.Dispose();

}

base.Dispose(disposing);

}

#region Windows 窗ä¡ã体¬?设¦¨¨计?器¡Â生¦¨²成¨¦的Ì?代䨲码?

///

///设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要

///使用代码编辑器修改此方法的内容。

///

private void InitializeComponent()

{

this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();

System.ComponentModel.ComponentResourceManager resources = new System.ComponentModel.ComponentResourceManager(typeof(Form1));

this.timer1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Timer(this.components);

this.notifyIcon1 = new System.Windows.Forms.NotifyIcon(this.components);

this.contextMenuStrip1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenuStrip(this.components);

this.toolStripMenuItem1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem();

this.toolStripMenuItem2 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem();

this.contextMenuStrip1.SuspendLayout();

this.SuspendLayout();

//

// timer1

//

this.timer1.Tick += new System.EventHandler(this.timer1_Tick);

//

// notifyIcon1

//

this.notifyIcon1.Icon = ((System.Drawing.Icon)(resources.GetObject("notifyIcon1.Icon")));

this.notifyIcon1.Text = "notifyIcon1";

this.notifyIcon1.Visible = true;

this.notifyIcon1.MouseDoubleClick += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.notifyIcon1_MouseDoubleClick);

//

// contextMenuStrip1

//

this.contextMenuStrip1.Items.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItem[] {

this.toolStripMenuItem1,

this.toolStripMenuItem2});

this.contextMenuStrip1.Name = "contextMenuStrip1";

this.contextMenuStrip1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(101, 48);

//

// toolStripMenuItem1

//

this.toolStripMenuItem1.Name = "toolStripMenuItem1";

this.toolStripMenuItem1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 22);

this.toolStripMenuItem1.Text = "还原";

this.toolStripMenuItem1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.toolStripMenuItem1_Click);

//

// toolStripMenuItem2

//

this.toolStripMenuItem2.Name = "toolStripMenuItem2";

this.toolStripMenuItem2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(100, 22);

this.toolStripMenuItem2.Text = "关闭";

this.toolStripMenuItem2.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.toolStripMenuItem2_Click);

//

// Form1

//

this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 12F);

this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;

this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(284, 262);

this.Name = "Form1";

this.Text = "Form1";

this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);

this.LocationChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_LocationChanged);

this.SizeChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_SizeChanged);

this.contextMenuStrip1.ResumeLayout(false);

this.ResumeLayout(false);

}

#endregion

private System.Windows.Forms.Timer timer1;

private System.Windows.Forms.NotifyIcon notifyIcon1;

private System.Windows.Forms.ContextMenuStrip contextMenuStrip1;

private System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem1;

private System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem2;

}

}

项目的环境视图如下:


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