Asp.net SignalR 实现服务端消息推送到Web端 – PetterLiu – 博客园

来源: Asp.net SignalR 实现服务端消息推送到Web端 – PetterLiu – 博客园

之前的文章介绍过Asp.net SignalR,  ASP .NET SignalR是一个ASP .NET 下的类库,可以在ASP .NET 的Web项目中实现实时通信.  今天我们来实现服务端消息推送到Web端,   首先回顾一下它抽象层次图是这样的:

image

实际上 ASP.NET SignalR 2 实现 服务端消息推送到Web端, 更加简单. 为了获取更好的可伸缩性, 我们引入消息队列, 看如下基本流程图:

image

消息队列MQ监听, 在Web site 服务端一收到消息,马上通过Signalr 推送广播到客户端.  创建ASP.NET MVC WEB APP,  从NuGet 安装SignalR 2.12

Install-Package Microsoft.AspNet.SignalR

具体实现代码,是这样的,我们增加一个空的Hub:

    public class FeedHub : Hub
    {
        public void Init()
        {
        }
    }

是简单的消息模型, 标题与正文属性:

    [Serializable]
    public class PushMessageModel
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string MSG_TITLE { get; set; }
        public string MSG_CONTENT { get; set; }
    }

服务端推送具体类,记录日志, 创建消息队列实例,监听, 等待收取消息. 这里我们使用的是AcitveMQ的.net客户端. ActiveMQListenAdapter是一个封装过的对象.

    public class MQHubsConfig
    {
        private static ILogger log = new Logger("MQHubsConfig");

        /// <summary>
        /// Registers the mq listen and hubs.
        /// </summary>
        public static void RegisterMQListenAndHubs()
        {
            var activemq = Megadotnet.MessageMQ.Adapter.ActiveMQListenAdapter<PushMessageModel>.Instance(MQConfig.MQIpAddress, MQConfig.QueueDestination);
            activemq.MQListener += m =>
            {
                log.InfoFormat("从MQ收到消息{0}", m.MSG_CONTENT);
                GlobalHost.ConnectionManager.GetHubContext<FeedHub>().Clients.All.receive(m);
            };

            activemq.ReceviceListener<PushMessageModel>();
        }
    }

上面有一句关键代码GlobalHost.ConnectionManager.GetHubContext<FeedHub>().Clients.All.receive(m);  这里使用了GetHubContext方法后,直接来广播消息.

需要在MVCApplication下加载:

    public class MvcApplication : System.Web.HttpApplication
    {
        protected void Application_Start()
        {
            AreaRegistration.RegisterAllAreas();
            FilterConfig.RegisterGlobalFilters(GlobalFilters.Filters);
            RouteConfig.RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes);
            BundleConfig.RegisterBundles(BundleTable.Bundles);
            MQHubsConfig.RegisterMQListenAndHubs();
        }
    }

同时需要增加一个Starup.cs, 用于Owin

[assembly: OwinStartup(typeof(RealTimeApp.Startup))]
namespace RealTimeApp
{
    public class Startup
    {
        public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
        {
            // Any connection or hub wire up and configuration should go here
            app.MapSignalR();
        }
    }
}

接下来是客户端App.js:

function App() {
    var init = function () {
        Feed();
        $.connection.hub.logging = true;
        $.connection.hub.start()
            .done(function() {
                console.log("Connected!");
                $(document).trigger("Connected");
            })
            .fail(function() { console.log("Could not Connect!"); });
    };

    init();
};

Feed.js 具体与SignalR.js通信, 创建名为receive的function, 与服务端对应

function Feed() {
    var chat = undefined;

    var init = function () {

        // Reference the auto-generated proxy for the hub.
        chat = $.connection.feedHub;
        // Create a function that the hub can call back to display messages.
        chat.client.receive = function (item) {
            var selector = "ul.feed-list li[data-id=" + item.Id + "]";
            if (!($(selector).length > 0)) {
                $("ul.feed-list").prepend($(".feed-template").render(item));
                $("ul.feed-list li:gt(3)").remove();
            }

            $.messager.show({
                title: 'Tips',
                msg: item.MSG_CONTENT,
                showType: 'show'
            });


        };

        // Start the connection.
        $.connection.hub.start().done(function () {
            chat.server.init();
        });

    };

    init();
};

上面的JavaScript代码与服务端有通信, 具体看如下图:

image

在Index.cshtml,  我们需要引用SignalR客户端JS, 放置hubs, 这里我们使用了jsrender,  easyui.js 来呈现推送的消息.

@model dynamic

@section Scripts {
<link href="/Content/themes/default/window.css" rel="stylesheet" />
<link href="~/Content/themes/default/progressbar.css" rel="stylesheet" />
<link href="~/Content/themes/default/linkbutton.css" rel="stylesheet" />
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.signalR-2.1.2.min.js"></script>
<!--Reference the autogenerated SignalR hub script. -->
<script src="~/signalr/hubs"></script>

<script src="~/Scripts/jsrender.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.easyui.min-1.4.1.js"></script>

@Scripts.Render("~/Scripts/project.js")

    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(document).ready(function () {
            var app = new App();
        });

    </script>
}


<div class="row-fluid">

    <div class="span8">
        <div class="widget">
            <div class="widget-header">
                <h2>Feed</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="widget-content">
                <ul class="span12 feed-list"></ul>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<script class="chat-template" type="text/x-jquery-tmpl">
    <li>
        <p>{{>Message}}</p>
    </li>
</script>

<script class="feed-template" type="text/x-jquery-tmpl">
    <li data-id="{{>Id}}">
        <div class="row-fluid">

            <div class="span8">
                <h3>{{>MSG_CONTENT}}</h3>
            </div>
        </div>
    </li>
</script>

上代码服务端引用js的Script.Render, 需要在BundleConfig.cs中加入以下代码:

          bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/Scripts/project.js")
              .IncludeDirectory("~/Scripts/Project", "*.js", false));

同时我们构建一个WebAPI来发送需要推送的消息, 片断代码:

        /// <summary>
        /// SendMessage
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="messagemodel">The messagemodel.</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [HttpPost]
        public IHttpActionResult SendMessage(PushMessageModel messagemodel)
        {
            return SendToServer(messagemodel);

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Sends to server.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="messagemodel">The messagemodel.</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private IHttpActionResult SendToServer(PushMessageModel messagemodel)
        {

            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                if (messageRepository.SendMessage(messagemodel))
                {
                    log.Debug("发送成功!");
                    return Ok();
                }
                else
                {
                    log.ErrorFormat("发送失败!{0}", messagemodel);
                    return Content(HttpStatusCode.ExpectationFailed, new Exception("send message error"));
                }
            }
            else
            {
                log.ErrorFormat("参数验证失败!{0}", messagemodel);
                return Content(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest, ModelState);
            }

        }

发送消息到ActiveMQ的关键代码:

    public class MessageRepository:IMessageRepository
    {
        private static ILogger log = new Logger("MessageRepository");

        /// <summary>
        /// 发送消息
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="messagemodel"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool SendMessage(PushMessageModel messagemodel)
        {
          var activemq = new ActiveMQAdapter<PushMessageModel>(MQConfig.MQIpAddress, MQConfig.QueueDestination);
          return activemq.SendMessage<PushMessageModel>(messagemodel)>0;
        }
    }

 

如果您需要运行DEMO程序,需要构建基于ActiveMQ的消息队列,   运行效果是这样的, 我们在一个静态html中, 发送一个ajax到webapi服务端,  发送后

image

另一个website网站收到后, 列表更新, 并在右下角弹出框

image

IE的控制台输出:

HTML1300: Navigation occurred.
File: Index
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Client subscribed to hub ‘feedhub’.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Negotiating with ‘/signalr/negotiate?clientProtocol=1.4&connectionData=%5B%7B%22name%22%3A%22feedhub%22%7D%5D’.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: This browser doesn’t support SSE.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Binding to iframe’s load event.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Iframe transport started.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: foreverFrame transport selected. Initiating start request.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: The start request succeeded. Transitioning to the connected state.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Now monitoring keep alive with a warning timeout of 13333.333333333332 and a connection lost timeout of 20000.
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Invoking feedhub.Init
Connected!
[11:05:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Invoked feedhub.Init
[11:07:12 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Triggering client hub event ‘receive’ on hub ‘FeedHub’.
[11:07:18 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Triggering client hub event ‘receive’ on hub ‘FeedHub’.
[11:07:32 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Triggering client hub event ‘receive’ on hub ‘FeedHub’.
[11:07:51 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Triggering client hub event ‘receive’ on hub ‘FeedHub’.
[11:09:25 GMT+0800 (China Standard Time)] SignalR: Triggering client hub event ‘receive’ on hub ‘FeedHub’.

上面粗体是 最后我们发的第5条信息控制台的输出.

 

好了,到这儿, 由于篇幅有限, 示例代码没有全部展示, 可以在这儿下载,  需要安装ActiveMQ

 

希望对您开发实时Web App有帮助.

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SignalR介绍与Asp.net

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