SQL Server常用的性能诊断语句 - 召冠 - 博客园

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来源: SQL Server常用的性能诊断语句 – 召冠 – 博客园

/*
常规服务器动态管理对象包括:
dm_db_*:数据库和数据库对象
dm_exec_*:执行用户代码和关联的连接
dm_os_*:内存、锁定和时间安排
dm_tran_*:事务和隔离
dm_io_*:网络和磁盘的输入/输出
*/

— 运行下面的 DMV 查询以查看 CPU、计划程序内存和缓冲池信息。
select
cpu_count,
hyperthread_ratio,
scheduler_count,
physical_memory_in_bytes / 1024 / 1024 as physical_memory_mb,
virtual_memory_in_bytes / 1024 / 1024 as virtual_memory_mb,
bpool_committed * 8 / 1024 as bpool_committed_mb,
bpool_commit_target * 8 / 1024 as bpool_target_mb,
bpool_visible * 8 / 1024 as bpool_visible_mb
from sys.dm_os_sys_info

— 高I/O开销的查询 Identifying Most Costly Queries by I/O
SELECT TOP 10
[Average IO] = (total_logical_reads + total_logical_writes) / qs.execution_count
, [Total IO] = (total_logical_reads + total_logical_writes)
, [Execution count] = qs.execution_count
, [Individual Query] = SUBSTRING (qt.text,qs.statement_start_offset/2,
(CASE WHEN qs.statement_end_offset = -1
THEN LEN(CONVERT(NVARCHAR(MAX), qt.text)) * 2
ELSE qs.statement_end_offset END – qs.statement_start_offset)/2)
,[Parent Query] = qt.text
, DatabaseName = DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_SQL_text(qs.SQL_handle) as qt
ORDER BY [Average IO] DESC;

— 高CPU开销的查询 Identifying Most Costly Queries by CPU
SELECT TOP 10
[Average CPU used] = total_worker_time / qs.execution_count
, [Total CPU used] = total_worker_time
, [Execution count] = qs.execution_count
, [Individual Query] = SUBSTRING (qt.text,qs.statement_start_offset/2,
(CASE WHEN qs.statement_end_offset = -1
THEN LEN(CONVERT(NVARCHAR(MAX), qt.text)) * 2
ELSE qs.statement_end_offset END – qs.statement_start_offset)/2)
, [Parent Query] = qt.text
, DatabaseName = DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_SQL_text(qs.sql_handle) as qt
ORDER BY [Average CPU used] DESC;

— 高开销的缺失索引 Cost of Missing Indexes
SELECT TOP 10
[Total Cost] = ROUND(avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact * (user_seeks + user_scans),0)
, avg_user_impact
, TableName = statement
, [EqualityUsage] = equality_columns
, [InequalityUsage] = inequality_columns
, [Include Cloumns] = included_columns
FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups g
INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats s
ON s.group_handle = g.index_group_handle
INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_details d
ON d.index_handle = g.index_handle
ORDER BY [Total Cost] DESC;

— 最常执行的查询 Identifying Queries that Execute Most Often
SELECT TOP 10
[Execution count] = execution_count
,[Individual Query] = SUBSTRING (qt.text,qs.statement_start_offset/2,
(CASE WHEN qs.statement_end_offset = -1
THEN LEN(CONVERT(NVARCHAR(MAX), qt.text)) * 2
ELSE qs.statement_end_offset END – qs.statement_start_offset)/2)
,[Parent Query] = qt.text
,DatabaseName = DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.sql_handle) as qt
ORDER BY [Execution count] DESC;

— 重复编译的查询(plan_generation_num 指示该查询已重新编译的次数)
select top 25
sql_text.text,
sql_handle,
plan_generation_num,
execution_count,
dbid,
objectid
from sys.dm_exec_query_stats a
cross apply sys.dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle) as sql_text
where plan_generation_num > 1
order by plan_generation_num desc

— 服务器等待的原因 SQL Query Records Causes of Wait Times
SELECT TOP 10
[Wait type] = wait_type,
[Wait time (s)] = wait_time_ms / 1000,
[% waiting] = CONVERT(DECIMAL(12,2), wait_time_ms * 100.0
/ SUM(wait_time_ms) OVER())
FROM sys.dm_os_wait_stats
WHERE wait_type NOT LIKE ‘%SLEEP%’
ORDER BY wait_time_ms DESC;

— 读和写 Identifying the Most Reads and Writes
SELECT TOP 10
[Total Reads] = SUM(total_logical_reads)
,[Execution count] = SUM(qs.execution_count)
,DatabaseName = DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.sql_handle) as qt
GROUP BY DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
ORDER BY [Total Reads] DESC;

SELECT TOP 10
[Total Writes] = SUM(total_logical_writes)
,[Execution count] = SUM(qs.execution_count)
,DatabaseName = DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.sql_handle) as qt
GROUP BY DB_NAME(qt.dbid)
ORDER BY [Total Writes] DESC;

— 运行下面的 DMV 查询以查找 I/O 闩锁等待统计信息。
select wait_type, waiting_tasks_count, wait_time_ms, signal_wait_time_ms, wait_time_ms / waiting_tasks_count
from sys.dm_os_wait_stats
where wait_type like ‘PAGEIOLATCH%’ and waiting_tasks_count > 0
order by wait_type

— 查看SQL阻塞信息
with tmp as (
select * from master..sysprocesses t where t.blocked != 0
union all
select b.* from master..sysprocesses b
join tmp t on b.spid = t.blocked
)
select t.spid, t.blocked, t.status, t.lastwaittype, t.waitresource, t.waittime
, DB_NAME(t.dbid) DbName, t.login_time, t.loginame, t.program_name, dc.text
from (select spid from tmp group by spid) s
join master..sysprocesses t on s.spid = t.spid
cross apply master.sys.dm_exec_sql_text(t.sql_handle) dc

–kill 53;

— 查看所有会话的状态、等待类型及当前正在执行SQL脚本
select t.spid, t.kpid, t.blocked, t.status, t.lastwaittype, t.waitresource, t.waittime
, DB_NAME(t.dbid) DbName, t.last_batch, t.loginame, t.program_name, t.hostname, t.hostprocess , t.cmd, t.stmt_start, t.stmt_end, t.request_id, dc.text
from master.sys.sysprocesses t
outer apply master.sys.dm_exec_sql_text(t.sql_handle) dcwhere t.spid >= 50

select s.spid, s.kpid, s.blocked, s.hostname, s.hostprocess, s.program_name, s.loginame       , s.status, s.lastwaittype, s.waitresource, s.waittime       , t.transaction_id, t.name, t.transaction_begin_time, dc.text   from sys.sysprocesses s      join sys.dm_tran_session_transactions st on s.spid = st.session_id      join sys.dm_tran_active_transactions t on st.transaction_id = t.transaction_id      outer apply master.sys.dm_exec_sql_text(s.sql_handle) dc

—补充,查看所有会话当前持有和申请的锁资源(选择在特定的业务库执行,测试模拟,建议将隔离级别改为可重复读)
set transaction isolation level repeatable read
select  l.request_session_id,          l.resource_type,          l.resource_subtype,          l.request_status,          l.request_mode,          l.resource_description,          db_name(l.resource_database_id) as dbName,          case l.resource_type               when ‘database’ then DB_NAME(l.resource_database_id)              when ‘object’ then object_name(l.resource_associated_entity_id)              else OBJECT_NAME(p.object_id)          end as obj_name,          p.index_id,          l.request_lifetime  from sys.dm_tran_locks l      left join sys.partitions p on l.resource_associated_entity_id = p.hobt_id  order by l.request_session_id, l.resource_type
—查看所有会话的 找到活动事务对应的执行语句
select dc.session_id,
ds.login_name,
ds.login_time,
dc.connect_time,
dc.net_transport,
dc.client_net_address,
ds.host_name,
ds.program_name,
case ds.status when ‘sleeping’ then ‘睡眠 – 当前没有运行任何请求 ‘
when ‘running’ then ‘正在运行 – 当前正在运行一个或多个请求 ‘
when ‘Dormancy’ then ‘休眠 – 会话因连接池而被重置,并且现在处于登录前状态’
when ‘Pre-connected’ then ‘预连接 – 会话在资源调控器分类器中’
end as status ,
ds.cpu_time as cpu_time_ms,
ds.memory_usage*8 as memory_kb,
ds.total_elapsed_time as total_elapsed_time_ms,
case ds.transaction_isolation_level when 0 then ‘未指定’
when 1 then ‘未提交读取’
when 2 then ‘已提交读取’
when 3 then ‘可重复’
when 4 then ‘可序列化’
when 5 then ‘快照’
end ‘会话的事务隔离级别’,
dt.text
from sys.dm_exec_connections dc –执行连接,最近执行的查询信息
cross apply sys.dm_exec_sql_text(dc.most_recent_sql_handle) dt
join sys.dm_exec_sessions ds on dc.session_id=ds.session_id
where ds.login_name= ‘LCGS609999’
–where ds.program_name = ‘.Net SqlClient Data Provider’
ORDER BY dt.text

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