[转载]在ASP.NET MVC项目中如何显示图片

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[转载]在MVC项目中如何显示图片 – 陈希章@中国 – 博客园.

首先,有好一阵没有怎么写博客文章了.实在也是很多事情,确实没有停下来过.

这两天在讲解MVC方面的知识和项目实践,其中有一个小的细节,是有关于图片显示方面的,记录下来供大家参考

在MVC项目中,要显示一个图片,尤其是该图片是存放在数据库的话,还是可以继续使用原先Web Forms的那种ashx的方式。但也可以考虑下面的方式

1.创建一个ImageResult

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System.Web;

namespace Extensions
{
    public class ImageResult : ActionResult
    {
        public ImageResult() { }
        public Image Image { get; set; }
        public ImageFormat ImageFormat { get; set; }
        public override void ExecuteResult(ControllerContext context)
        {
            // verify properties 
            if (Image == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Image");
            }
            if (ImageFormat == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("ImageFormat");
            }
            // output 
            context.HttpContext.Response.Clear();
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Bmp)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/bmp";
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Gif)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/gif";
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Icon)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/vnd.microsoft.icon";
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Jpeg)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/jpeg";
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Png)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/png";
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Tiff)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/tiff";
            if (ImageFormat.Equals(ImageFormat.Wmf)) context.HttpContext.Response.ContentType = "image/wmf";
            Image.Save(context.HttpContext.Response.OutputStream, ImageFormat);
        }
    }

}

.csharpcode, .csharpcode pre { font-size: small; color: black; font-family: consolas,”Courier New”,courier,monospace; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); }.csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; }.csharpcode .rem { color: rgb(0, 128, 0); }.csharpcode .kwrd { color: rgb(0, 0, 255); }.csharpcode .str { color: rgb(0, 96, 128); }.csharpcode .op { color: rgb(0, 0, 192); }.csharpcode .preproc { color: rgb(204, 102, 51); }.csharpcode .asp { background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0); }.csharpcode .html { color: rgb(128, 0, 0); }.csharpcode .attr { color: rgb(255, 0, 0); }.csharpcode .alt { background-color: rgb(244, 244, 244); width: 100%; margin: 0em; }.csharpcode .lnum { color: rgb(96, 96, 96); }

2,创建一个Action

        private string connection =ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["northwind"].ConnectionString;

        public ActionResult Image(int id)
        {
            var db = new NorthwindDataContext(connection);
            var found = db.Employees.FirstOrDefault(e => e.EmployeeID == id);

            if (found != null)
            {
                var buffer = found.Photo.ToArray();
                ImageConverter converter = new ImageConverter();
                var image = (Image)converter.ConvertFrom(buffer);
                return new Extensions.ImageResult()
                {
                    Image = image,
                    ImageFormat = System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg
                };

            }
            else
            {
                ViewData["message"] = "员工不存在";
                return View("Error");
            }

        }
.csharpcode, .csharpcode pre { font-size: small; color: black; font-family: consolas,”Courier New”,courier,monospace; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); }.csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; }.csharpcode .rem { color: rgb(0, 128, 0); }.csharpcode .kwrd { color: rgb(0, 0, 255); }.csharpcode .str { color: rgb(0, 96, 128); }.csharpcode .op { color: rgb(0, 0, 192); }.csharpcode .preproc { color: rgb(204, 102, 51); }.csharpcode .asp { background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0); }.csharpcode .html { color: rgb(128, 0, 0); }.csharpcode .attr { color: rgb(255, 0, 0); }.csharpcode .alt { background-color: rgb(244, 244, 244); width: 100%; margin: 0em; }.csharpcode .lnum { color: rgb(96, 96, 96); }

3.在页面(View)中调用

<%@ Page Title="" Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Views/Shared/Site.Master" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage<Models.Employee>" %>

<asp:Content ID="Content1" ContentPlaceHolderID="TitleContent" runat="server">
    Update
</asp:Content>

<asp:Content ID="Content2" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="server">

    <h2>Update</h2>

    <% using (Html.BeginForm()) {%>
        <%: Html.ValidationSummary(true) %>

        <fieldset>
            <legend>Fields</legend>
            <div style="float:right">

                <img src="/Employee/Image/<%:Model.EmployeeID %>" alt="" />
            </div>
            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.EmployeeID) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.EmployeeID) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.EmployeeID) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.LastName) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.LastName) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.LastName) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.FirstName) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.FirstName) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.FirstName) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.Title) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Title) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Title) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.TitleOfCourtesy) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.TitleOfCourtesy) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.TitleOfCourtesy) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.BirthDate) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.BirthDate, String.Format("{0:g}", Model.BirthDate)) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.BirthDate) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.HireDate) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.HireDate, String.Format("{0:g}", Model.HireDate)) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.HireDate) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.Address) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Address) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Address) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.City) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.City) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.City) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.Region) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Region) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Region) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.PostalCode) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.PostalCode) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.PostalCode) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.Country) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Country) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Country) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.HomePhone) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.HomePhone) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.HomePhone) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.Extension) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Extension) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Extension) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.Notes) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.Notes) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Notes) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.ReportsTo) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.ReportsTo) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.ReportsTo) %>
            </div>

            <div class="editor-label">
                <%: Html.LabelFor(model => model.PhotoPath) %>
            </div>
            <div class="editor-field">
                <%: Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.PhotoPath) %>
                <%: Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.PhotoPath) %>
            </div>

            <p>
                <input type="submit" value="Save" />
            </p>
        </fieldset>

    <% } %>

    <div>
        <%: Html.ActionLink("Back to List", "Index") %>
    </div>

</asp:Content>
最后的结果如下,大家可以参考参考

.csharpcode, .csharpcode pre { font-size: small; color: black; font-family: consolas,”Courier New”,courier,monospace; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); }.csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; }.csharpcode .rem { color: rgb(0, 128, 0); }.csharpcode .kwrd { color: rgb(0, 0, 255); }.csharpcode .str { color: rgb(0, 96, 128); }.csharpcode .op { color: rgb(0, 0, 192); }.csharpcode .preproc { color: rgb(204, 102, 51); }.csharpcode .asp { background-color: rgb(255, 255, 0); }.csharpcode .html { color: rgb(128, 0, 0); }.csharpcode .attr { color: rgb(255, 0, 0); }.csharpcode .alt { background-color: rgb(244, 244, 244); width: 100%; margin: 0em; }.csharpcode .lnum { color: rgb(96, 96, 96); }image

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