[转载]Flex数据访问:WebService(二)使用参数 - 无风 - 博客园

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[转载]Flex数据访问:WebService(二)使用参数 – 无风 – 博客园.

上一篇介 绍Flex的WebService的使用,可以调用多种类型的数据,都是直接调用,没有使用参数,本篇学习使用参数调用 WebService,WebService的参数类型可以是:简单类型(如数值,字串串等),简单实体模型(只有属性),比较复杂的实体模型(内陷其他 实体),以及集合,XML等。

Flex在调用不同后台实现的Web Method方式只是在构造参数有些区别,调用方式是一样的,以下简单介绍Flex调用.NET的Web Method使用不同参数。

定义Web Method用到的类:

 1:      [Serializable]
 2:      public class Employee
 3:      {
 4:          public int id { get; set; }
 5:          public string name { get; set; }
 6:          public int age { get; set; }
 7:      }
 8:  
 9:      [Serializable]
10:      public class Dept
11:      {
12:          public int DeptID{ get; set; }
13:          public string DeptName { get; set; }
14:          public Employee[] Employees { get; set; }
15:      }
16:  
.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }一、简单类型参数

Web Method定义:

 1:          [WebMethod]
 2:          public Employee GetEmployee(int id)
 3:          {
 4:              return new Employee
 5:              {
 6:                  id = id,
 7:                  name = "Employee"+id,
 8:                  age = 25
 9:              };
10:          }
11:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex可以直接定义operation的时候定义requests:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.rpc.soap.mxml.Operation;
 6:              import mx.collections.ArrayCollection;
 7:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 8:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 9:              import mx.controls.Alert;
10:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
11:              {
12:                  var msg:String="ID:"+event.result.id+"\n"+
13:                          "Name:"+event.result.name+"\n"+
14:                          "Age:"+event.result.age;
15:                  Alert.show(msg);
16:              }
17:  
18:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
19:              {
20:                 Alert.show("Error:"+event.message);
21:              }
22:  
23:              private function GetEmployee():void
24:              {
25:                  MyService.GetEmployee.send();
26:              }
27:          ]]>
28:      </mx:Script>
29:      
30:      <mx:Button label="GetEmployee" click="GetEmployee()"/>
31:      
32:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false"
33:       result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
34:          <mx:operation name="GetEmployee">
35:              <mx:request xmlns="">
36:                  <id>1</id>
37:              </mx:request>
38:          </mx:operation>
39:      </mx:WebService>
40:  </mx:Application>

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

二、简单对象

Web Method定义,模拟添加对象:

1:  [WebMethod]
2:  public int AddEmployee(Employee employee)
3:  {
4:      return 1;
5:  }
6:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex前端代码,参数名跟Web Method的参数名一样:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.rpc.soap.mxml.Operation;
 6:              import mx.collections.ArrayCollection;
 7:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 8:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 9:              import mx.controls.Alert;
10:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
11:              {
12:                  Alert.show(event.result.toString());
13:              }
14:  
15:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
16:              {
17:                 Alert.show("Error:"+event.message);
18:              }
19:  
20:              private function AddEmployee():void
21:              {
22:                  var emp:Object=new Object();
23:                  emp.id=0;
24:                  emp.name="user1";
25:                  emp.age=20;
26:  
27:                  MyService.AddEmployee(emp);
28:              }
29:          ]]>
30:      </mx:Script>
31:      
32:      <mx:Button label="AddEmployee" click="AddEmployee()"/>
33:      
34:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false"
35:       result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
36:          <mx:operation name="AddEmployee">
37:          </mx:operation>
38:      </mx:WebService>
39:  </mx:Application>

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

跟踪Web Method的employee参数:

image

三、对象数组

Web Method定义,添加多个对象:

1:  [WebMethod]
2:  public int AddEmployees(Employee[] list)
3:  {
4:      return list.Length;
5:  }
6:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex前端代码:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.rpc.soap.mxml.Operation;
 6:              import mx.collections.ArrayCollection;
 7:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 8:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 9:              import mx.controls.Alert;
10:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
11:              {
12:                  Alert.show(event.result.toString());
13:              }
14:  
15:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
16:              {
17:                 Alert.show("Error:"+event.message);
18:              }
19:  
20:              private function AddEmployee():void
21:              {
22:                  var empArr:Array=new Array();
23:                  empArr.push({id:0,name:"user1",age:22});
24:                  empArr.push({id:0,name:"user2",age:23});
25:                  empArr.push({id:0,name:"user3",age:25});
26:  
27:                  MyService.AddEmployees(empArr);
28:              }
29:          ]]>
30:      </mx:Script>
31:      
32:      <mx:Button label="AddEmployee" click="AddEmployee()"/>
33:      
34:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false"
35:       result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
36:          <mx:operation name="AddEmployees">
37:          </mx:operation>
38:      </mx:WebService>
39:  </mx:Application>

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

四、复杂对象

Web Method定义:

1:  [WebMethod]
2:  public int AddDept(Dept dept)
3:  {
4:      return 1;
5:  }
6:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex前端代码:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.rpc.soap.mxml.Operation;
 6:              import mx.collections.ArrayCollection;
 7:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 8:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 9:              import mx.controls.Alert;
10:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
11:              {
12:                  Alert.show(event.result.toString());
13:              }
14:  
15:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
16:              {
17:                 Alert.show("Error:+event.message);
18:              }
19:  
20:              private function AddDept():void
21:              {
22:                  var empArr:Array=new Array();
23:                  empArr.push({id:0,name:"user1",age:22});
24:                  empArr.push({id:0,name:"user2",age:23});
25:                  empArr.push({id:0,name:"user3",age:25});
26:  
27:                  var dept:Object=new Object();
28:                  dept.DeptID=1;
29:                  dept.DeptName="dept1";
30:                  dept.Employees=empArr;
31:  
32:                  MyService.AddDept(dept);
33:              }
34:          ]]>
35:      </mx:Script>
36:      
37:      <mx:Button label="AddDept" click="AddDept()"/>
38:      
39:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false"
40:       result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
41:          <mx:operation name="AddDept">
42:          </mx:operation>
43:      </mx:WebService>
44:  </mx:Application>

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

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