[转载]Flex数据访问:WebService

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[转载]Flex数据访问:WebService – 无风 – 博客园.

WebService组件用于访问SOAP Web服务,此类服务时带有方法的软件模块,Web服务方法通常称为“操作(option)”,操作可以带参数(requet)。Web服务接口通过 Web 服务描述语言 (WSDL) 进行定义。通过 Web 服务提供的标准相容方式,在不同平台上运行的软件模块可以相互交互。

Flex 支持格式设置为 SOAP 消息且通过 HTTP 传输的 Web 服务请求和结果。SOAP 提供基于 XML 格式的定义,用于在 Web 服务客户端(如使用 Flex 构建的应用程序)和 Web 服务之间交换结构化和类型化信息。

在.NET和Flex的数据交互可以通过Web Services访问string,object,datatable,List<>,ArrayList等。

.NET和Flex的数据示例:

1、返回对象

定义返回对象的Web Method

 1:         [WebMethod]
 2:         public Employee GetEmployee()
 3:         {
 4:             return new Employee
 5:             {
 6:                 id = 1,
 7:                 name = "Shawn",
 8:                 age = 25
 9:             };
10:         }
11:  
.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex前端代码:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 6:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 7:              import mx.controls.Alert;
 8:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
 9:              {
10:                  Alert.show(event.result.name);
11:              }
12:  
13:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
14:              {
15:                 Alert.show("调+event.message);
16:              }
17:  
18:              private function GetEmployee():void
19:              {
20:                  this.MyService.GetEmployee.send();
21:              }
22:          ]]>
23:      </mx:Script>
24:      <mx:Button label="Get Employee" click="GetEmployee()"/>
25:      
26:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false" result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
27:          <mx:operation name="GetEmployee"/>
28:      </mx:WebService>
29:  </mx:Application>
30:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

2、返回DataTable

定义返回DataTable的Web Method:

 1:          [WebMethod]
 2:          public DataTable GetDataTable()
 3:          {
 4:              DataTable dt = new DataTable("Employees");
 5:              dt.Columns.Add("id", typeof(int));
 6:              dt.Columns.Add("name", typeof(string));
 7:              dt.Columns.Add("age", typeof(int));
 8:  
 9:              DataRow dr = dt.NewRow();
10:              dr["id"] = 1;
11:              dr["name"] = "Shawn";
12:              dr["age"] = 25;
13:              dt.Rows.Add(dr);
14:  
15:              dr = dt.NewRow();
16:              dr["id"] = 2;
17:              dr["name"] = "Jack";
18:              dr["age"] = 23;
19:              dt.Rows.Add(dr);
20:  
21:              return dt;
22:          }
23:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex前端代码:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 6:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 7:              import mx.controls.Alert;
 8:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
 9:              {
10:  
11:              }
12:  
13:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
14:              {
15:                 Alert.show("调+event.message);
16:              }
17:  
18:              private function GetDataTable():void
19:              {
20:                  this.MyService.GetDataTable.send();
21:              }
22:          ]]>
23:      </mx:Script>
24:      
25:      <mx:Panel width="400">
26:          <mx:DataGrid id="gvEmployee" dataProvider="{this.MyService.GetDataTable.lastResult.Tables.Employees.Rows}" width="100%">
27:              <mx:columns>
28:                  <mx:DataGridColumn headerText="ID" dataField="id"/>
29:                  <mx:DataGridColumn headerText="Name" dataField="name"/>
30:                  <mx:DataGridColumn headerText="Age" dataField="age"/>
31:              </mx:columns>
32:          </mx:DataGrid>
33:          <mx:ControlBar>
34:              <mx:Button label="Get DataTable" click="GetDataTable()"/>
35:          </mx:ControlBar>
36:      </mx:Panel>
37:      
38:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false" result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
39:          <mx:operation name="GetDataTable"/>
40:      </mx:WebService>
41:  </mx:Application>
42:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

3、返回List<>

 1:          [WebMethod]
 2:          public List<Employee> GetEmployeeList()
 3:          {
 4:              return new List<Employee>
 5:              {
 6:                  new Employee
 7:                  {
 8:                      id = 1,
 9:                      name = "Shawn",
10:                      age = 25
11:                  },
12:                  new Employee
13:                  {
14:                      id = 2,
15:                      name = "Jack",
16:                      age = 23
17:                  }
18:              };
19:          }
20:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }Flex前端:

 1:  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 2:  <mx:Application xmlns:mx="http://www.adobe.com/2006/mxml" layout="absolute">
 3:      <mx:Script>
 4:          <![CDATA[
 5:              import mx.collections.ArrayCollection;
 6:              import mx.rpc.events.FaultEvent;
 7:              import mx.rpc.events.ResultEvent;
 8:              import mx.controls.Alert;
 9:              private function onResult(event:ResultEvent):void
10:              {
11:                  var arr:ArrayCollection = this.MyService.GetEmployeeList.lastResult as ArrayCollection;
12:                  gvEmployee.dataProvider=arr;
13:              }
14:  
15:              private function onFault(event:FaultEvent):void
16:              {
17:                 Alert.show("调+event.message);
18:              }
19:  
20:              private function GetEmployeeList():void
21:              {
22:                  this.MyService.GetEmployeeList.send();
23:              }
24:          ]]>
25:      </mx:Script>
26:      
27:      <mx:Panel width="400">
28:          <mx:DataGrid id="gvEmployee" width="100%">
29:              <mx:columns>
30:                  <mx:DataGridColumn headerText="ID" dataField="id"/>
31:                  <mx:DataGridColumn headerText="Name" dataField="name"/>
32:                  <mx:DataGridColumn headerText="Age" dataField="age"/>
33:              </mx:columns>
34:          </mx:DataGrid>
35:          <mx:ControlBar>
36:              <mx:Button label="Get List" click="GetEmployeeList()"/>
37:          </mx:ControlBar>
38:      </mx:Panel>
39:      
40:      <mx:WebService id="MyService" wsdl="http://localhost:4081/Flex.asmx?WSDL" useProxy="false" result="onResult(event)" fault="onFault(event)">
41:          <mx:operation name="GetEmployeeList"/>
42:      </mx:WebService>
43:  </mx:Application>
44:  

.codearea { color: black; background-color: white; line-height: 18px; border: 1px solid rgb(79, 129, 189); margin: 0pt; width: auto ! important; overflow: auto; text-align: left; font-size: 12px; font-family: “Courier New”,”Consolas”,”Fixedsys”,”BitStream Vera Sans Mono”,courier,monospace,serif; }.codearea pre { color: black; line-height: 18px; padding: 0pt 0pt 0pt 12px ! important; margin: 0em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255) ! important; }.linewrap pre { white-space: pre-wrap; word-wrap: break-word; }.codearea pre.alt { background-color: rgb(247, 247, 255) ! important; }.codearea .lnum { color: rgb(79, 129, 189); line-height: 18px; }运行结果:

image

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