[转载]发布一款轻量级的JSON转换代码

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[转载]发布一款轻量级的JSON转换代码 – 仰光 – 博客园.

.NET FrameWork 2.0 并没有提供JSON 字符串对象化工具,因此尝试写了这个转换器, 目前已投入使用,分享一下. 实现方式是:正则 + 递归. 对需要转换的Json 字符串复杂度没有要求. 欢迎测试,并提供反馈,谢谢. 第一次运行,有点慢,估计是初使化正则占用了时间,这些正则是静态的,之后的转换会加快.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

namespace JsonConver
{

///

<summary> /// 节点枚举
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

public enum NodeType
{
///

<summary> /// 标识数组
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

IsArray
,
///

<summary> /// 标识对象
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

IsObject
,
///

<summary> /// 标识元数据
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

IsOriginal

,
///

<summary> /// 未知格式
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

Undefined
}

//描述Json节点
public class JsonNode
{
public NodeType NodeType;
public List List;
public Dictionary DicObject;
public string Value;
}

///

<summary> /// json 字符串对象化
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

public class ConvertJsonObject
{
static string regTxt = "({0}[^{0}{1}]*(((?'Open'{0})[^{0}{1}]*)+((?'-Open'{1})[^{0}{1}]*)+)*(?(Open)(?!)){1})";

//匹配字符串(单双引号范围)
static string regKeyValue = "({0}.{1}?(?

//匹配元数据(不包含对象,数组)
static string regOriginalValue = string.Format("({0}|{1}|{2})", string.Format(regKeyValue, "'", "*"), string.Format(regKeyValue, "\"", "*"), "\\w+");

//匹配value (包含对象数组)
static string regValue = string.Format("({0}|{1}|{2})", regOriginalValue //字符
, string.Format(regTxt, "\\[", "\\]"), string.Format(regTxt, "\\{", "\\}"));

//匹配键值对
static string regKeyValuePair = string.Format("\\s*(?{0}|{1}|{2})\\s*:\\s*(?{3})\\s*"
, string.Format(regKeyValue, "'", "+"), string.Format(regKeyValue, "\"", "+"), "([^ :,]+)" //匹配key
, regValue); //匹配value

///

<summary> /// 判断是否是对象
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

static Regex RegJsonStrack1 = new Regex(string.Format("^\\{0}(({2})(,(?=({2})))?)+\\{1}$", "{", "}", regKeyValuePair), RegexOptions.Compiled);

///

<summary> /// 判断是否是序列
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

static Regex RegJsonStrack2 = new Regex(string.Format("^\\[(({0})(,(?=({0})))?)+\\]$", regValue), RegexOptions.Compiled);

///

<summary> /// 判断键值对
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

static Regex RegJsonStrack3 = new Regex(regKeyValuePair, RegexOptions.Compiled);

//匹配value
static Regex RegJsonStrack4 = new Regex(regValue, RegexOptions.Compiled);

//匹配元数据
static Regex RegJsonStrack6 = new Regex(string.Format("^{0}$", regOriginalValue), RegexOptions.Compiled);

//移除两端[] , {}
static Regex RegJsonRemoveBlank = new Regex("(^\\s*[\\[\\{'\"]\\s*)|(\\s*[\\]\\}'\"]\\s*$)", RegexOptions.Compiled);

string JsonTxt;
public ConvertJsonObject(string json)
{
//去掉换行符
json = Regex.Replace(json, "[\r\n]", "");

JsonTxt = json;
}

///

<summary> /// 判断节点内型
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

//////
public NodeType MeasureType(string json)
{
if (RegJsonStrack1.IsMatch(json))
{
return NodeType.IsObject;
}

if (RegJsonStrack2.IsMatch(json))
{
return NodeType.IsArray;
}

if (RegJsonStrack6.IsMatch(json))
{
return NodeType.IsOriginal;
}

return NodeType.Undefined;

}

///

<summary> /// json 字符串序列化为对象
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

//////
public JsonNode SerializationJsonNodeToObject()
{
return SerializationJsonNodeToObject(JsonTxt);
}

///

<summary> /// json 字符串序列化为对象
/// </summary>

&nbsp;

//////
public JsonNode SerializationJsonNodeToObject(string json)
{
json = json.Trim();
NodeType nodetype = MeasureType(json);
if (nodetype == NodeType.Undefined)
{
throw new Exception("未知格式Json: " + json);
}

JsonNode newNode = new JsonNode();
newNode.NodeType = nodetype;

if (nodetype == NodeType.IsArray)
{
json = RegJsonRemoveBlank.Replace(json, "");
MatchCollection matches = RegJsonStrack4.Matches(json);
newNode.List = new List();
foreach (Match match in matches)
{
if (match.Success)
{
newNode.List.Add(SerializationJsonNodeToObject(match.Value));
}
}
}
else if (nodetype == NodeType.IsObject)
{
json = RegJsonRemoveBlank.Replace(json, "");
MatchCollection matches = RegJsonStrack3.Matches(json);
newNode.DicObject = new Dictionary();
string key;
foreach (Match match in matches)
{
if (match.Success)
{
key = RegJsonRemoveBlank.Replace(match.Groups["key"].Value, "");
if (newNode.DicObject.ContainsKey(key))
{
throw new Exception("json 数据中包含重复键, json:" + json);
}
newNode.DicObject.Add(key, SerializationJsonNodeToObject(match.Groups["value"].Value));
}
}
}
else if (nodetype == NodeType.IsOriginal)
{
newNode.Value = RegJsonRemoveBlank.Replace(json, "").Replace("\\r\\n", "\r\n");
}

return newNode;
}
}
}

其中 JsonNode 是返回解析结果

NodeType 是枚举类型,表示当前节点是什么类型.

IsArray: JsonNode.List

IsObject:JsonNode.DicObject

IsOriginal:JsonNode.Value

Json 字符串换行请用双斜杠,如 “aa\\r\\nbb”,表示aa,bb 为相邻两行.

 

调用代码:

JsonConver.ConvertJsonObject jsonObj = new JsonConver.ConvertJsonObject("{'a':11,'b':[1,2,3],'c':{'a':1,'b':[1,2,3]}}");
            JsonConver.JsonNode node = jsonObj.SerializationJsonNodeToObject();
            if (node.NodeType == JsonConver.NodeType.IsObject)
            {
                if (node.DicObject["a"].NodeType == JsonConver.NodeType.IsOriginal)
                {
                    Console.Write("key:a , value:");
                    Console.Write(node.DicObject["a"].Value);
                    Console.WriteLine();
                }

                if (node.DicObject["b"].NodeType == JsonConver.NodeType.IsArray)
                {
                    Console.Write("key:b,value for first:");
                    Console.Write(node.DicObject["b"].List[0].Value);
                    Console.WriteLine();
                }

                if (node.DicObject["c"].NodeType == JsonConver.NodeType.IsObject)
                {
                    if (node.DicObject["c"].DicObject["a"].NodeType == JsonConver.NodeType.IsOriginal)
                    {
                        Console.Write("key:c  子对象值: , value:");
                        Console.Write(node.DicObject["c"].DicObject["a"].Value);
                        Console.WriteLine();
                    }
                }
            }

       

                Console.Read();
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