[转载]Openwrt安装软件的方法 - jk110333的专栏 - 博客频道 - CSDN.NET

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[转载]Openwrt安装软件的方法 – jk110333的专栏 – 博客频道 – CSDN.NET.

Openwrt安装软件

简介

Openwrt是个很自由的开源路由器系统,软件包支持几千个,功能很强大!

安装的方法主要有两种,telnet或者ssh连接后台安装和 页面安装。

下面的所有步骤的前提是当前的路由器已经联网!

telnet或ssh

原始的openwrt默认是没有密码的,只开启了telnet没有开启ssh,当第一次配置完用户名和密码后,关闭了telnet开启了ssh,用户可以随时连上路由器,下面我用ssh连接的。

Openwrt管理软件包的命令是opkg,下面是命令的帮助

root@Jack:/tmp/opkg-lists# opkg--help
opkg:unrecognized option `--help'
opkgmust have one sub-command argument
usage:opkg [options...] sub-command [arguments...]
wheresub-command is one of:
PackageManipulation:
update 升级 Update list ofavailable packages
upgrade 升级某一个软件 Upgrade packages
install 安装某一个软件 Install package(s)
configure 配置某一个软件 Configure unpacked package(s)
remove <pkgs|regexp> 删除软件 Remove package(s)
flag Flag package(s)
=hold|noprune|user|ok|installed|unpacked (one perinvocation)

InformationalCommands:
list 列出openwrt所有支持的软件包 List availablepackages
list-installed 列出本机已经安装的软件包 List installed packages
list-upgradable 列出可以升级的软件包 ist installed and upgradable packages
list-changed-conffiles List user modified configuration files
files List files belonging to search <file|regexp> List package providing
find List packages whose name ordescription matches
info[pkg|regexp] 显示软件包的信息 Display all info for status [pkg|regexp] 显示软件包的状态 Display all status for download 下载一个软件包到当前目录 Download to current directory
compare-versions
compare versionsusing <= < > >= = << >>
print-architecture List installable package architectures
depends [-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatdepends [-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatdependsrec [-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatrecommends[-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatsuggests[-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatprovides [-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatconflicts [-A] [pkgname|pat]+
whatreplaces [-A] [pkgname|pat]+

Options:
-A Query all packages not just thoseinstalled
-V[] Set verbosity level to .
--verbosity[=] Verbosity levels:
0errors only
1normal messages (default)
2informative messages
3 debug
4 debuglevel 2
-f Use as the opkgconfiguration file
--conf
--cache Use a package cache
-d Use as the the rootdirectory for
--dest package installation, removal, upgrading.
should be a defined dest name from
theconfiguration file, (but can also be a
directory namein a pinch).
-o

<dir>Use<dir>as the rootdirectory for
--offline-root<dir>offline installation of packages.
--add-arch: Registerarchitecture with given priority
--add-dest: Registerdestination with given path</dir></dir></dir>ForceOptions:
--force-depends Install/remove despite faileddependencies
--force-maintainer Overwrite preexisting config files
--force-reinstall Reinstall package(s)
--force-overwrite Overwrite files from other package(s)
--force-downgrade Allow opkg to downgrade packages
--force-space Disable free space checks
--force-postinstall Run postinstall scripts even in offlinemode
--force-remove Remove package even if prerm script fails
--noaction No action -- test only
--download-only No action -- downloadonly
--nodeps Do not follow dependencies
--nocase Perform case insensitivepattern matching
--force-removal-of-dependent-packages
Remove packageand all dependencies
--autoremove Remove packages that were installed
automaticallyto satisfy dependencies
-t Specify tmp-dir.
--tmp-dir Specify tmp-dir.
regexp could be something like 'pkgname*''*file*' or similar
e.g. opkg info 'libstd*' or opkg search'*libop*' or opkg remove 'libncur*'
root@Jack:/tmp/opkg-lists#

如果你想要安装一个软件,但是不知道什么具体的名字,可以用命令获取到软件包的名字(opkg list |grep 软件名),然后安装,比如我想要安装tftp

root@Jack:/tmp/opkg-lists# opkg list|grep tftp
atftp- 0.7-1 - TFTP client
atftpd- 0.7-1 - TFTP server
erlang-inets- 5.8 - Erlang/OTP is a general-purpose programming language and runtimeenvironment. Erlang has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. . This Erlang/OTPpackage provides a container for Internet clients and servers. Currently a FTP client, a HTTPclient and server, and a tftp client andserver have been incorporated in Inets.
iputils-tftpd- 20101006-1 - Program tftpd from iputils Trivial File Transfer Protocolserver.
kmod-ipt-nathelper- 3.7.10-1 - Default Netfilter (IPv4) Conntrack and NAT helpers Includes: - ftp- irc - tftp
tftp-hpa- 0.48-3 - An enhanced version of the BSD TFTP client
tftpd-hpa- 0.48-3 - An enhanced version of the BSD TFTP server

通过上面的命令我找到我想要的tftp服务器的名字为tftpd-hpa,这样就可以先用

#opkgdownload tftpd-hpa

下载软件包,然后用

#opkginstall tftpd-hpa

来安装。也可以直接用

#opkg installtftpd-hpa

会直接先下载再自动安装。最后用

#opkglist-installed |grep tftpd-hpa

来查看是不是已经安装上了!

 

 

 

页面安装

 

进入页面system->software

 

在filter里面输入“tftpd”,点击“find package”,在下面的框中就显示出当前openwrt支持的软件包,找到需要的,点击install即可。见下图

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