c# - 如何不使用.Compile()从MemberExpression获取属性值? - IT工具网

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来源: c# – 如何不使用.Compile()从MemberExpression获取属性值? – IT工具网

我在尝试不使用.compile()从表达式树中获取对象的值时遇到问题
目标很简单。

var userModel = new UserModel { Email = "John@Doe.com"};

给我问题的方法是这样的。

private void VisitMemberAccess(MemberExpression expression, MemberExpression left)
{
    var key = left != null ? left.Member.Name : expression.Member.Name;
    if (expression.Expression.NodeType.ToString() == "Parameter")
    {
        // add the string key
        _strings.Add(string.Format("[{0}]", key));
    }
    else
    {
        // add the string parameter
        _strings.Add(string.Format("@{0}", key));

        // Potential NullReferenceException
        var val = (expression.Member as FieldInfo).GetValue((expression.Expression as ConstantExpression).Value);

        // add parameter value
        Parameters.Add("@" + key, val);
    }
}

我做的测试很简单

[Test]  // PASS
public void ShouldVisitExpressionByGuidObject ()
{
    // Setup
    var id = new Guid( "CCAF57D9-88A4-4DCD-87C7-DB875E0D4E66" );
    const string expectedString = "[Id] = @Id";
    var expectedParameters = new Dictionary<string, object> { { "@Id", id } };

    // Execute
    var actualExpression = TestExpression<UserModel>( u => u.Id == id );
    var actualParameters = actualExpression.Parameters;
    var actualString = actualExpression.WhereExpression;

    // Test
    Assert.AreEqual( expectedString, actualString );
    CollectionAssert.AreEquivalent( expectedParameters, actualParameters );
}

 

[Test]  // FAIL [System.NullReferenceException : Object reference not set to an instance of an object.]
public void ShouldVisitExpressionByStringObject ()
{
    // Setup
    var expectedUser = new UserModel {Email = "john@doe.com"};

    const string expectedString = "[Email] = @Email";
    var expectedParameters = new Dictionary<string, object> { { "@Email", expectedUser.Email } };

    // Execute
    var actualExpression = TestExpression<UserModel>( u => u.Email == expectedUser.Email );
    var actualParameters = actualExpression.Parameters;
    var actualString = actualExpression.WhereExpression;

    // Assert
    Assert.AreEqual( expectedString, actualString );
    CollectionAssert.AreEquivalent( expectedParameters, actualParameters );
}

我应该注意到改变

var val = (expression.Member as FieldInfo).GetValue((expression.Expression as ConstantExpression).Value);

var val = Expression.Lambda( expression ).Compile().DynamicInvoke().ToString();

将允许测试通过,但是此代码需要在ios上运行,因此不能使用.Compile()

最佳答案

TLDR;
只要不使用EmitCompile,反射就可以使用。在这个问题中,值是为FieldInfo提取的,但不是为PropertyInfo提取的。一定要两样都买得到。

if ((expression.Member as PropertyInfo) != null)
{
    // get the value from the PROPERTY

}
else if ((expression.Member as FieldInfo) != null)
{
    // get the value from the FIELD
}
else
{
    throw new InvalidMemberException();
}

长卷本
所以这些评论给了我正确的方向。我有点费劲地想弄到房产信息,但最后,我想到了这个。

private void VisitMemberAccess(MemberExpression expression, MemberExpression left)
{
    // To preserve Case between key/value pairs, we always want to use the LEFT side of the expression.
    // therefore, if left is null, then expression is actually left. 
    // Doing this ensures that our `key` matches between parameter names and database fields
    var key = left != null ? left.Member.Name : expression.Member.Name;

    // If the NodeType is a `Parameter`, we want to add the key as a DB Field name to our string collection
    // Otherwise, we want to add the key as a DB Parameter to our string collection
    if (expression.Expression.NodeType.ToString() == "Parameter")
    {
        _strings.Add(string.Format("[{0}]", key));
    }
    else
    {
        _strings.Add(string.Format("@{0}", key));

        // If the key is being added as a DB Parameter, then we have to also add the Parameter key/value pair to the collection
        // Because we're working off of Model Objects that should only contain Properties or Fields,
        // there should only be two options. PropertyInfo or FieldInfo... let's extract the VALUE accordingly
        var value = new object();
        if ((expression.Member as PropertyInfo) != null)
        {
            var exp = (MemberExpression) expression.Expression;
            var constant = (ConstantExpression) exp.Expression;
            var fieldInfoValue = ((FieldInfo) exp.Member).GetValue(constant.Value);
            value = ((PropertyInfo) expression.Member).GetValue(fieldInfoValue, null);

        }
        else if ((expression.Member as FieldInfo) != null)
        {
            var fieldInfo = expression.Member as FieldInfo;
            var constantExpression = expression.Expression as ConstantExpression;
            if (fieldInfo != null & constantExpression != null)
            {
                value = fieldInfo.GetValue(constantExpression.Value);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            throw new InvalidMemberException();
        }

        // Add the Parameter Key/Value pair.
        Parameters.Add("@" + key, value);
    }
}

实际上,如果Member.NodeType是一个Parameter,那么我将把它用作一个SQL字段。[FieldName]
否则,我将它用作SQL参数@FieldName。倒过来我知道。
如果Member.NodeType不是参数,那么我检查它是modelField还是modelProperty。从那里,我得到适当的值,并将键/值对添加到字典中,用作SQL参数。
最终的结果是我构建了一个类似于

SELECT * FROM TableName WHERE
[FieldName] = @FieldName

然后传递参数

var parameters = new Dictionary<string, object> Parameters;
parameters.Add("@FieldName", "The value of the field");
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